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LLATL scope and sequence

Blue Book – Australian Grade 1, ages 5-7

Phonics / Spelling
auditory discrimination – beginning sounds – blends – consonant sounds – decoding new words – ending sounds – long vowel sounds – short vowel sounds – sight words – silent e – vowel pairs – word families

Reading
character development – context clues – compound words – comprehension – describing characters – dialogue – drawing conclusions – following directions – inferences – left to right progression – maps – moral of a story – oral reading – plot – poetry – predicting outcome – reading aloud – recalling detail – retelling story – rhyme – setting – types of stories

Grammar
adjectives – alphabet – alphabetical order – antonyms – apostrophes – capitalization – exclamation marks – homonyms – nouns – periods – plurals – possessive nouns – proper nouns – punctuation – synonyms – verbs

Composition
composing sentences – composing paragraphs – composing stories – letter writing – narration – narration based on a picture – writing sentences

Research and Study Skills
dictionary – encyclopedia – library – map skills – parts of a book: title page, table of contents, author, illustrator, publisher – reference skills – research – thesaurus – verifying information

Higher Order Thinking Skills
alphabetical order – categorizing – compare and contrast – context clues – describing – details – drawing conclusions – evaluation of a story – fact and opinion – following directions – grouping – inferences – interpreting illustrations – making a list – matching – memorization – ordinal sequencing – patterns – personal application – predicting outcome – real and make-believe – story recall – sequencing

Creative Expression
charades – choral reading – coloring – drama – drawing – illustrating sentences – illustrating stories – making a book – memory game – narrating from a picture – puppets – telling a story

Penmanship
drawing shapes – lower case letters manuscript – upper case letters manuscript – punctuation – numbers – sentences

Red Book – Australian Grade 2, ages 7-9

Phonics
long vowel sounds – review first grade phonics – r-controlled vowels: ar, ear, er, ir, ur – root words – short vowel sounds – sounds of: au, augh, aw, ay, ea, ee, ei, ew, ie, oi, oo, or, ou, ough, ow, oy, ue, ui – sounds of: al, ch, el, le, nd, sh, th, tion, ture, war, wor – sounds of : a, c, g, s, y – silent consonant in: ck, dge, gn, igh, kn, mb, ph, tch, wh, ur – syllabication – suffix sounds – words families

Spelling
copy words – games – how to study words – puzzles – review phonics – spelling tips – suffix

Reading
cause and effect – character development – compound words – comprehension -context clues – dialogue – discussion of context – drawing conclusions – facts – fiction – illustrations – main idea – non-fiction – onomatopoeia – opinion – oral reading – ordinal numbers – plot poetry – poetry – reading aloud – real and make-believe – recalling detail – rhyme – setting – summary – syllables

Grammar
adjectives – alphabetical order – antonyms – apostrophes – articles – capitalization – commas – common noun – comparative adjective – conjunctions – contractions – days of the week – declarative sentences – exclamation marks – exclamatory sentences – homonyms – hyphen – interrogative sentences – irregular nouns – months of the year – nouns – number words – past tense – periods – plural nouns – possessive nouns – predicate – prefix: un – present tense – pronouns – proper nouns – question marks – quotation marks – singular noun – subject – suffixes: ed,er,est,ful,ing,ly,y – superlative adjectives – synonyms – verbs

Composition
address – copying literature – creative writing – dates – descriptive writing – editing – invitations – letter writing – list – narration – paragraph – recording information – report – writing from dictation

Research and Study Skills
atlas – dictionary – encyclopedia – library – map – parts of a book – parts of a story – survey – thesaurus – time line

Higher Order Thinking Skills
alphabetical order – calendar – categorizing – compare and contrast – context clues – describing – details – drawing conclusions – evaluation of a story – following directions – grouping – inferences – interpreting illustrations – making a list – matching – memorization – ordinal sequencing – patterns – personal application – predicting outcome – real and make-believe – retelling a story – story recall – sequencing

Creative Expression / Games
book making – bingo – calendar – card making – diorama – drama – illustrating – interpreting illustrations – poetry – nature walk – oral presentation – pantomime – plays – puppetry – riddles

Penmanship
lower case letters manuscript – upper case letters manuscript – numbers – punctuation – sentences

Yellow Book – Australian Grade 3, ages 8-10

Phonics
root words – sounds of: igh, ed, er, ar, or, le, el, al, ng, tion, kn – suffixes – syllables

Spelling
copy words – how to study words – review activity – spelling tips: al, ai, ar, ay, ea, ear, ee, el, er, ew, ie, igh, ir, kn, le, oi, oo, or, ou, ough, ow, ue, ur, wh, wr – weekly word lists

Reading
base or root words – biography – cause and effect – characters – chart reading – choral reading – compare and contrast – compound words – comprehension – discussion of content – fact and opinion – fiction – figurative language – lines of play – main idea – non-fiction – optional literature links on: The White Stallion, Madeline, Meet George Washington, The Courage of Sarah Noble – plays – poetry – predicting outcome – recalling detail – rhyme – similes – suffixes – syllables – vocabulary

Grammar
antonyms – adjectives – adverbs – antonym – apostrophes – articles – capitalization – colon – commas – comparative adjectives – complete sentences – compound subjects – conjunctions – contractions – declarative sentences – determiners – homonyms – irregular words – nouns – parentheses – past tense – periods – plural nouns – plural possessive nouns – possessive nouns – predicate – present tense – pronouns – proper nouns – quotation marks – quotations – singular nouns – singular possessive nouns – subjects – suffix: ed, er, ful, ing – synonyms – verbs

Composition
copying literature – descriptive writing – editing – envelope – friendly letter – indentations – journaling – list making – main idea – paragraph – phrases – report – sentences – similes – title – verse – writing from dictation

Research and Study Skills
alphabetical order – charts and graphs – dictionary – encyclopedia – library – map skills – newspaper – telephone book – research skills – thesaurus – time line

Higher Order Thinking Skills
alphabetical order – cause and effect – compare and contrast – directions (N,S,E,W) – drawing conclusions – following directions – graphs and charts – listening skills – matching – memorization – reporting – retelling a story – same and different – sequencing

Creative Expression / Games
choral reading – codes – collage – drama – illustrating – match-ups – oral presentation – pantomime – plays – poetry – puzzles – riddles

Penmanship
beginning cursive—lower case letters – beginning cursive—upper case letters – connecting cursive letters

Orange Book – Australian Grade 4/5, ages 9-11

Spelling
adding suffixes to words ending in: silent e,y,ch,sh,s,z,x – copy words – how to study words – spelling tips: ch,dge,ear,er,ie,ir,ou,ow,sh, tch,ur – words ending with: ss,ff,zz – vowel rules

Reading
a Book Study Unit on: Boxcar Children, Wright Brothers, Benjamin Franklin, The Sign of the Beaver – antonyms autobiography – biography – cause and effect – character sketch – comprehension – discussion of content – homonyms – parts of a story – poetry – recalling detail – silent / oral reading – similes – syllables – synonyms – vocabulary

Grammar
abbreviations – action verbs – adjectives – adjectives in comparison – adverbs – antecedents – antonyms – apostrophes – articles – base or root words – capitalization – commas – common nouns – complete sentences – complete subjects – compound sentences – compound subjects – compound verbs – conjunctions – contraction – dates – exclamation marks – fragment – helping verbs – homonyms – initials – interjections – irregular verbs – nouns – periods – plural nouns – plural possessive nouns – predicate – preposition – prepositional phrase – pronouns – proper nouns – question marks – quotations – simple subjects – singular nouns – singular possessive nouns – suffixes – title of a book – verbs – verb phrases – verb tenses

Composition
advertisements – bibliography – book making – business letter – character sketch – copying literature – descriptive writing – dialogue – editing – envelopes – first person – friendly letter – indention – journals – list writing – map making – newsletter – note taking – paragraph – poetry – report writing – sentences – sentence types – story writing – summary – writing an ad – writing directions – writing from dictation

Research and Study Skills
advertisements – alphabetical order – atlas – decision making – dictionary – encyclopedia – following directions – guide words – interview – library – map study – newspaper – note-taking – parts of a book – poetry memorization – research skills – table of contents – thesaurus

Higher Order Thinking Skills
compare and contrast – decision making – fact and opinion – following directions – sequencing events – decision making – memorization

Creative Expression
book making – illustrating poetry – recitation – rhyme – rhythm – story writing – writing an ad – writing poetry— cinquain, concrete, couplet, haiku, limerick, prose

Penmanship
copying passages – writing final drafts

Purple Book – Australian Grade 6/7,ages 10-12

Spelling
adding suffixes – copying words – plurals of irregular words – plurals of words ending in: ch,f,fe,o,s,sh,x,y,z – spelling tips: ai,ck,ear,el,er,gh, gn,ie,igh,ir,kn,le,ou,ough,ow,sion,tion,ture,ur,wor – words ending in f,l,s,z – studying words – syllabication – vowel pairs: ai,ie,ou,ow

Reading
a Book Study Unit on: Farmer Boy, Trumpet of the Swan, Meet Addy, Caddie Woodlawn – accent – biography – character sketch – characters – choral reading – compound words – conclusion – conflict – drawing conclusions – dialect – exaggeration – facts – figurative language – folk tale – introduction – legend – meter – opinion – plot – poetry – point of view – problem solving – quotations – comprehension – rhyme – rhyme scheme – root or base words – setting – similes – skim and scan – solution – summary – super human qualities – supporting sentences – syllables – tall tale – topic – topic sentences – vocabulary

Grammar
action verbs – adjectives – adverbs – antecedents – antonyms – apostrophes – base or root words – being verbs – capitalization – commas – common nouns – comparative adjectives – complete predicate – complete sentences – complete subjects – compound sentences – compound subjects – compound verbs – conjunctions – contractions – dates – declarative sentences – direct address – double negative – exclamation marks – exclamatory sentences – fragment – helping verbs – homonyms – hyphen interjections – interrogative sentences – irregular verbs – irregular words – italics – nouns – number words – past tense – periods – plural possessive nouns – plural nouns – plurals of irregular words – prefix – possessive nouns – prefix – preposition – present tense – pronouns – proper nouns – question marks – quotations – regular verbs – simple subjects – singular nouns – singular possessive nouns – suffixes – underlining – verbs – verb phrases – verb tense

Composition
copying literature – character sketch – descriptive writing – dialogue writing – editing – envelope – exaggeration – figurative language – indentation – letter writing – list making – outlines – paragraph – parts of a letter – reporting – rhyme – summary – supporting sentences – tall tales – topic – topic sentences – writing poetry – writing from dictation

Research and Study Skills
atlas – Bible references – dictionary – encyclopedia – family tree – globe – guide words – interview – list making – newspaper – outline – proofreading – reporting – research – skim and scan – thesaurus – time line

Higher Order Thinking Skills
analogy – decision making – directions – facts – memorization – narration – opinion – sequencing events

Creative Expression / Games
choral reading – family tree – interviewing – memorizing – meter – poetry – rhyme – role playing – scheme – speech making

Penmanship
copying passages – writing final drafts

Tan Book – Australian Year 8, ages 12-14

Spelling
adding suffixes -able,ance,ant,ence,ent,ible,sion,tion – adding prefixes – compound words – contractions – copy words – double consonants – plurals of irregular words – plural rules – spelling rules for: ck,dg,ear,er,gn,ie,igh,ir,kn,ou,ough,ow,ur,wor,wr – spelling rules for changing: f to v, y to i, – studying words – syllabication

Reading
a Book Study on: Carry on, Mr. Bowditch, The Bronze Bow, Big Red, The Horse and His Boy – alliteration – autobiography – biography – bound base – choral reading – climax – comprehension – conflict – context clues – couplet – dialect – dialogue – discussing content – duolog – end rhyme – etymology – exposition – fable – falling action – fiction – first person – foreshadowing – free base – internal rhyme – irony – mood – narrator – news story – personification – plot – poetry – point of view – prose – reciting poetry – repetition – resolution – rhyme scheme – rising action – second person speech – stanza – syllables – third person – topic sentences – triplet – vocabulary – words analogy

Grammar
adjectives – adverbs – antecedents – antonyms – apostrophes – articles – being verbs – capitalization – colon – commas – common nouns – comparative adjectives – complete predicate – complete sentences – complete subjects – compound sentences – compound subjects – compound verbs – compound words – conjunctions – contraction – declarative sentences – dependent clause – direct address – direct object – direct quotation – double negative – exclamation marks – exclamatory sentences – fragment – helping verbs – homonyms – hyphen – imperative sentences – independent clause – interjections – interrogative sentences – irregular verbs – linking verbs – nouns – object of the preposition – parts of speech – periods – possessive nouns – possessive pronouns – predicate adjectives – prefix – preposition – prepositional phrase – principal parts of verbs – pronouns – proper nouns – question marks – quotation marks – regular verbs – semicolon – simile – simple predicate – simple subjects – subject/verb agreement – suffixes – superlative adjectives – syllables – synonyms – titles – transitional words – underlining – verbs – verbs phrase – verbs tense

Composition
advertisement – bibliography – biography – business letter – caricature – character sketch – circle words picture – closing paragraph – closing sentences- creative writing – dialogue – duolog – essay – figurative language – first draft – first person – friendly letter – journal – main idea – mood – news story – opening paragraph – outline – paragraph – paraphrase – personification – plagiarism – poetry – prose – research – similes – summary – supporting detail – supporting sentences – thesis statement – titles – topic – topic sentences – types of sentences – writing a fable – writing dialogue – writing instructions

Research and Study Skills
alphabetical order – Bible translation – Caldecott Award – Dewey decimal system – dictionary – encyclopedia – etymology – illustration – interview – library – map skills – Newbery Award – news story – organizing thought – research – sequence – thesaurus – timeline

High Order Thinking Skills
analogies – circle word pictures – conducting a research – context clues – giving directions – memorization

Creative Expression
creative writing – oral presentation – poetry

Penmanship
copying passages – final drafts

Green Book – Australian Year 9, ages 13-15

Spelling
adding s to words: ending in o,f,fe – adding suffixes – compound words – copy words – double consonant rules – spelling tips: ck, dge, ew, ff, gn, ie, kn, ll, sion, ss, tion, ture, ue, zz

Reading
a Book Study Unit on: Star of Light, Adam and His Kin, Much Ado About Nothing – accent – analogy – Base or root words – book reports – character development – cinquain – cliché – climax – comedy and tragedy – comprehension – conflict – dialogue – diamante – fact – figurative language – haiku – historical fiction – imagery – implied metaphor – internal rhyme – limerick – malapropism – map skills – memorization – metaphor – mood – narration – opinion – personification – persuasive – arguments – plot – Psalms – recitation – rhyme scheme – rhythmic foot – setting – similes – suffixes – syllables

Grammar
abbreviations – adjectives – adjectives phrase – adverbs – adverb phrases – antecedents – apostrophes – articles – being verbs – capitalization – commas – common and proper nouns – comparative adjectives – complete predicate – complete subjects – compound modifiers – compound phrases – compound sentences – compound subjects – compound verbs – conjunctions – dependent clause – determining direct object – diagramming – dialogue – dictionary – direct object – exclamation marks – gerund – graphs – guide words – helping verbs – hyphen – homonyms – indirect object – infinitive – initials – interjections – intransitive verbs – irregular nouns – irregular verbs linking verbs – map skills – nouns – number words – object of the preposition – participle phrases – periods – plural possessive nouns – possessive pronouns – predicate adjectives -predicate nominative – preposition – prepositional phrases – pronouns – qualifiers – question marks – quotations – regular verbs – sentences – simple sentences – simple subjects – singular possessive nouns – split quotation – superlative adjectives – titles – transitive verbs – verbs – verbs phrase- verbs tense

Composition
analogy – bibliography – book review – character sketch – characters – climax – conflict – contrast – drafts: first and final – editing – first person – graphs – introduction – mood – narration – note-taking – outline – paragraph – persuasive writing – plot – poetry – point of view – pre-writing – research – resolution – revising – second person – setting theme – supporting sentences – synonyms – theme – thesis statement – third person – title page – topic – topic sentences – transitional words

Research and Study Skills
bibliography – encyclopedia – outline – research – thesaurus

Higher Order Thinking Skills
charts – family tree – graphs – memorization – timeline – understanding sentence parts

Creative Expression
clichés – imagery – oral presentation – poetry: cinquain, diamante, free verse, haiku, limerick, meter, structural poem personification – recitation – rhyme scheme – similes

Penmanship
copying passages -writing final drafts

Gray Book – Australian Year 10, ages 14-16

Spelling
copying words – spelling rules – studying words

Reading
a Book Study Unit on: Across Five Aprils, A Lantern in Her Hand, Eric Liddell, God’s Smuggler – alliteration – assonance – cliché – comparing – comprehension – consonance – figurative language – historical fiction – literature appreciation – metaphor – meter – narration – persons – 1st 2nd 3rd – poetry appreciation – prose – rhyme scheme – roots – similes – silent/oral reading – suffixes – vocabulary

Grammar
action verbs – adjective clauses – adjectives – adverbs – adverb clauses – antecedents – antonyms – apostrophes – articles – capitalization – commas – common nouns – comparative adjectives – complement – complete predicate – complete sentences – complete subjects – compound predicate nominative – compound sentences – conjunctions – coordinating conjunctions – declarative sentences – demonstrative pronouns – dependent clause – direct object – exclamatory sentences – gerunds – helping verbs – imperative sentences – incomplete sentences – independent clause – indirect object -infinitive phrases – infinitives – interrogative pronouns – interrogative sentences – intransitive verbs – introductory phrase – irregular verbs – linking verbs – nouns clause – nouns – object of a preposition – objective pronouns – parenthetical phrase – participial phrase – participles – personal pronouns – persons – 1st 2nd 3rd – plural nouns – possessive nouns – possessive pronouns – predicate – predicate adjectives – predicate nominative – preposition- prepositional phrase – problem words – pronouns – proper nouns – punctuation – quotations – regular verbs – relative pronouns – semicolon – sentence length – simple predicate – simple subjects – speech tags – subjects – subjective pronouns – subordinating conjunctions – synonyms – transitive verbs – types of sentences – verbs – verbs tenses

Composition
alliteration – autobiography – biblical fiction – biography – business letter – cause and effect paper – character sketch – cinquain – combining sentences – compare and contrast paper – comparison – cover sheet – descriptive paragraph – developing a writing plan – diamante – final draft – first draft – formal and informal writing – friendly letter – interviews – limerick – metaphors – modeling poetry – narrative paper – narrative paragraph – non-standard English – ordinal numbers – paraphrase – parts of a letter – persuasive paper – proof reading – reports – research paper – revision – riddle poems – sentence construction – standard English – structural poetry – supporting an opinion – thesis statement – topic outline – topic sentences – types of sentences – writing a story with a moral – writing dialogue

Research and Study Skills
bibliography – concordance – encyclopedia – gathering sources – interviewing – listening skills – memorization – note-taking – outlines – research – revision – writing plan

Higher Order Thinking Skills
memorization – outline – vocabulary study – word parts

Creative Expression
creative writing – poetry – prose

Penmanship
copy passages – final draft

Gold Book, American Literature – Australian Year 11, ages 15-17

Reading Skills/Short Stories
Great American Short Stories – Wallace and Mary Stegner – The Mentor Book of Major American Poets – Oscar Williams and Edwin Honig – The Old Man and the Sea – Ernest Hemingway – The Red Badge of Courage – Stephen Crane – The Pearl – John Steinbeck – character study – conflict – flat characters – round characters – crisis – outlines – elements of fiction – setting – plot – foreshadowing – irony – themes – outcome – supporting your answer – point of view – first person narrative – omniscient author – third person objective – main character – interpretation – allegory – figurative meaning – novella – character development – plot development – topics – reference books – stream-of-consciousness – compare and contrast – comparison

Essays
rhetorical techniques – compare and contrast – extended definitions – argument and persuasion – expository writing – research papers – topics – subtopics – conclusions – coherence – transitional devices – concluding paragraphs – introductory paragraph – evidence – first body paragraphs – outlines – supportive topics – thesis statements

Poetry
personification – imagery – metaphors – comparisons – similes – syntax and form – moods – sonnets – iambic pentameter – sestets – tercets – quatrains – topics – stanzas – rhyme groups – abstractions – symbolism

Gold Book, British or World Literature – Australian Year 12, ages 15+

Reading Skills/Short Stories
Frankenstein – Mary Wollencroft Shelley – Emma – Jane Austen – A Tale of Two Cities – Charles Dickens – The Time Machine – H.G. Wells – Animal Farm – George Orwell

Poetry
The Mentor Book of Major British Poets – British Poets – Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Keats, Tennyson, Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, – Hardy, Eliot, Owen, Graves – abstract – archaism – blank verse – Classical sonnet – closed couplet – commentary – concrete – couplet – dialect – diction – dramatization – enjambment – free verse – heroic couplet – history of poetry – iamb – iambic pentameter – image – line – metaphor – meter – modern age – octave – onomatopoeia – personification – Petrarchan sonnet – primitivism – quatrain – rhyme – romanticism – romantic period – run-on – sentimentalism – sestet – Shakespearean sonnet – simile – sonnet – sprung rhythm – stanza – stream-of-consciousness – symbol – syntax – Victorian period – villanelle

Composition
body paragraph – book report – compare and contrast essay – concluding paragraph – introductory paragraph – outline – poetry interpretation essay – supporting sentence – thesis statement – topic sentence

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